Bundler uses Semantic Versioning.
Note: In the documentation listed below, the *current* minor version number is 1.11 and the *next* minor version number is 1.12
Regardless of the version, all releases must update the
files. The changelog for the first stable minor release (
1.12.0) is a sum of all
the preceding pre-release versions (
1.12.pre.2, etc) for that
minor version. The changelog for the first stable minor release is left blank
unless there are fixes included since the last pre/rc release.
master will accept PRs for:
- feature merges for the next minor version (1.12)
- regression fix merges for a patch release on the current minor version (1.11)
- feature-flagged development for the next major version (2.0)
Bundler cares a lot about preserving compatibility. As a result, changes that break backwards compatibility should (whenever this is possible) include a feature release that is backwards compatible, and issue warnings for all options and behaviors that will change.
We try very hard to only release breaking changes when incrementing the major version of Bundler.
Patch releases are made by cherry-picking bug fixes from
When we cherry-pick, we cherry-pick the merge commits using the following command:
$ git cherry-pick -m 1 MERGE_COMMIT_SHAS
$ git cherry-pick -m 1 dd6aef9
rake release:prepare_patch command will automatically handle
cherry-picking, and is further detailed below.
Bundler maintains a list of changes present in each version in the
Entries should not be added in pull requests, but are rather written by the Bundler
maintainers before the release.
To fill in the changelog, maintainers can go through the relevant PRs using the
rake release:open_unreleased_prs and manually add a changelog entry for each
PR that it’s about to be released.
If you’re releasing a patch level version, you can use
release:open_unreleased_prs to instead label each relevant PR with the proper
milestone of the version to be release. Then the
rake release:patch task will
go only through those PRs, and prompt you to add a changelog entry for each of
While pushing a gem version to RubyGems.org is as simple as
releasing a new version of Bundler includes a lot of communication: team consensus,
git branching, changelog writing, documentation site updates, and a blog post.
Dizzy yet? Us too.
Here’s the checklist for releasing new minor versions:
- [ ] Check with the core team to ensure that there is consensus around shipping a feature release. As a general rule, this should always be okay, since features should never break backwards compatibility
- [ ] Create a new stable branch from master (see Branching below)
- [ ] Update
version.rbto a prerelease number, e.g.
- [ ] Update
CHANGELOG.mdto include all of the features, bugfixes, etc for that version.
- [ ] Run
rake release, tweet, blog, let people know about the prerelease!
- [ ] Wait a minimum of 7 days
- [ ] If significant problems are found, increment the prerelease (i.e. 1.12.pre.2)
and repeat, but treating
.pre.2as a patch release. In general, once a stable branch has been cut from master, it should not have master merged back into it.
Wait! You’re not done yet! After your prelease looks good:
- [ ] Update
version.rbto a final version (i.e. 1.12.0)
- [ ] In the bundler/bundler-site repo,
copy the previous version’s docs to create a new version (e.g.
cp -r v1.11 v1.12)
- [ ] Update the new docs as needed, paying special attention to the “What’s new” page for this version
- [ ] Write a blog post announcing the new version, highlighting new features and notable bugfixes
- [ ] Run
rake releasein the bundler repo, tweet, link to the blog post, etc.
At this point, you’re a release manager! Pour yourself several tasty drinks and think about taking a vacation in the tropics.
Beware, the first couple of days after the first non-prerelease version in a minor version series can often yield a lot of bug reports. This is normal, and doesn’t mean you’ve done anything wrong as the release manager.
Minor releases of the next version start with a new release branch from the
current state of master:
1-12-stable, and are immediately followed by a
-stable branch has been cut from
master, changes for that minor
release series (1.12) will only be made intentionally, via patch releases.
That is to say, changes to
master by default won’t make their way into any
1.12 version, and development on
master will be targeting the next minor
or major release.
Patch releases (bug fixes!)
Releasing new bugfix versions is really straightforward. Increment the tiny version
lib/bundler/version.rb, and in
CHANGELOG.md add one bullet point
per bug fixed. Then run
rake release from the
and pour yourself a tasty drink!
PRs containing regression fixes for a patch release of the current minor version
are merged to master. These commits need to be cherry-picked from master onto
the minor branch (
There is a
rake release:prepare_patch rake task that helps with creating a patch
release. It takes a single argument, the exact patch release being made (e.g.
1.12.3), but if not given it will bump the tiny version number by one. This
task checks out the appropriate stable branch (
1-12-stable), grabs the
1.12.3 milestone from GitHub, ensures all PRs are closed, and then
cherry-picks those changes (and only those changes) to a new branch based off
the stable branch. Then bumps the version in the version file and commits that
change on top of the cherry-picks.
Now you have a release branch ready to be merged into the stable branch. You’ll
want to open a PR from this branch into the stable branch and provided CI is
green, you can go ahead, merge the PR and run
rake release from the updated
Early releases require heavy testing, especially across various system setups.
We :heart: testers, and are big fans of anyone who can run
gem install bundler --pre
and try out upcoming releases in their development and staging environments.
There may not always be prereleases or beta versions of Bundler. The Bundler team will tweet from the @bundlerio account when a prerelease or beta version becomes available. You are also always welcome to try checking out master and building a gem yourself if you want to try out the latest changes.